Custom properties in Search & Preview usually refer to metadata about each of the various documents in the search database (such as author, date, status, etc.). In most cases, the custom properties used by Search & Preview map directly to manage properties established in SharePoint (which, themselves, usually map directly to a column of metadata stored for each document in the search database).

There are many ways to make use of custom properties in Search & Preview:

• Search properties enable users to search for specific types of metadata values using the advanced search form (also known as field-based search).
• Result properties enable you to design a search-result page so that it displays expanded metadata information about each found document.
• Sorting properties enable you to design a search-result page that provides controls for choosing to sort results according to values of a selected property.
• Refiner properties enable you to design a search-result page that provides refiner controls that enable users to home-in on specific types of results based on the content of the current result set.
• They can be incorporated into search-result actions.
• They can be used in quick filters.

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